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The shape of warmth: temperature profiles in living rooms

Huebner, GM; McMichael, M; Shipworth, D; Shipworth, M; Durand-Daubin, M; Summerfield, AJ; (2015) The shape of warmth: temperature profiles in living rooms. Building Research and Information , 43 (2) pp. 185-196. 10.1080/09613218.2014.922339. Green open access

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Abstract

The most commonly used family of models in representing the UK building stock, BREDEM (the Building Research Establishment Domestic Energy Models), assume that all homes exhibit the same heating pattern and hence can be expected to have similar temperature profiles over the course of a day. The presented research shows that homes differ significantly in their respective temperature profile over the course of the day. A cluster analysis performed on temperature data from 275 living rooms in English homes over three winter months resulted in four different clusters of temperature profiles. The clusters differ significantly in their shape, as revealed by visual inspection, and supported by significant differences in minimum and maximum temperatures and temperature variability across the day. About 40% of homes showed a bimodal temperature pattern as assumed under BREDEM. However, the remaining 60% showed very different profiles. These findings challenge the assumption that one standard pattern fits all homes. Different temperature demand profiles have important implications for future peak power demands, particularly if domestic space heating is switched to electricity. It is also helpful for relating occupant demographics to appropriate forms of fabric retrofit.

Type: Article
Title: The shape of warmth: temperature profiles in living rooms
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/09613218.2014.922339
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2014.922339
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2014 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The moral rights of the named author(s) have been asserted.
Keywords: consumption practices, heating patterns, housing, occupancy schedules, occupant behaviour, space heating demand, temperature profiles
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1436128
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