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On oxidative degradation of parchment and its non-destructive characterisation and dating

Mozir, A; Strlic, M; Trafela, T; Cigic, IK; Kolar, J; Deselnicu, V; de Bruin, G; (2011) On oxidative degradation of parchment and its non-destructive characterisation and dating. Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing , 104 (1) 211 - 217. 10.1007/s00339-010-6108-z. Green open access

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Abstract

Historic parchment is an extremely complex material, not only due to the various methods of production used and various past environmental histories of objects, but also due to its inhomogeneous structure. Many traditional methods of characterisation are empirical, but useful since they have gained recognition by the end-users. In this paper, we investigated the shrinkage temperature of collagen and the influence of lipids contained in parchment on the measurements. While the content of lipids does not seem to significantly affect shrinkage temperature measurements themselves, it strongly affects the decrease of shrinkage temperature of collagen during degradation, and thus its thermomechanical properties. This confirms the high importance of lipid peroxidation during degradation of parchment.While shrinkage temperature determination is a micro-destructive method, we also demonstrated that it is possible to determine this property using near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy based on partial least squares calibration. The root-mean square error of validation (RMSEV), obtained on a set of variously delipidised and degraded samples, was 7A degrees C, so the method could be used for condition assessment or classification of historic objects. Using a set of 185 historic objects dating from 1200-1800, we also developed a method for non-destructive dating of parchment based on NIR spectroscopy using partial least squares regression (RMSEV=72 years), and successfully determined the correct age of a historic charter from the collection of Nationaal Archief, The Netherlands.

Type: Article
Title: On oxidative degradation of parchment and its non-destructive characterisation and dating
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00339-010-6108-z
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00339-010-6108-z
Language: English
Additional information: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Keywords: COLLAGEN-BASED MATERIALS, HISTORICAL OBJECTS, HYDROTHERMAL STABILITY, SUPPORTS, PROTEIN, AUTOXIDATION, LEATHER, LIPIDS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1315155
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