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Data interpretation in forensic sediment and soil geochemistry

Morgan, RM; Bull, PA; (2006) Data interpretation in forensic sediment and soil geochemistry. Environmental Forensics , 7 (4) pp. 325-334. 10.1080/15275920600996248. Green open access

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Abstract

Automated geochemical techniques enable reproducible elemental assays of small quantity samples and have been used in recent years in many forensic criminal investigations in England and Wales. Two case studies are presented that highlight the problems of testing the presence of pre-, syn-, or post-crime event sample mixing. The number of elements or compounds analyzed can have a bearing on statistical discriminant techniques that may provide false-positive or false-negative associations or exclusions. Chemical analyses of soils and sediments using both atomic absorption spectrometry and Dionex (DX500 Sunnyvale, CA, USA), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry enabled the identification and classification of discrete groups by hierarchical cluster analysis and canonical discriminant function analysis. These groupings, however, prove fragile to small variations within samples of even the most common minerals. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Type: Article
Title: Data interpretation in forensic sediment and soil geochemistry
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/15275920600996248
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/11322
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