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Selenium- and/or copper-substituted hydroxyapatite: A bioceramic substrate for biomedical applications

Korowash, Sara I; Keskin-Erdogan, Zalike; Hemdan, Bahaa A; Barrios Silva, Lady V; Ibrahim, Doreya M; Chau, David YS; (2023) Selenium- and/or copper-substituted hydroxyapatite: A bioceramic substrate for biomedical applications. Journal of Biomaterials Applications 10.1177/08853282231198726. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Atomic substitution or doping of a bioceramic material hydroxyapatite (HA) with specific ions is an appealing approach for improving its biocompatibility and activity, as well as imparting antibacterial properties. In this study, selenium- and/or copper-substituted hydroxyapatite powders were synthesized by an aqueous precipitation method and using the freeze-drying technique. The molar concentrations of constituents were calculated based on the proposed mechanism whereby selenium (Se4+) ions partially substitute phosphorus (P5+) sites, and copper (Cu2+) ions partially substitute (Ca2+) sites in the HA lattice. Dried precipitated samples were characterized using Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Field-emission scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (FESEM-EDX). Accordingly, substitution of Se4+ and/or Cu2+ ions took place in the crystal lattice of HA without the formation of any impurities. The presence of sulphur (S2-) ions in the hydroxyapatite was detected by ICP-OES in all samples with copper substituted in the lattice. The cytotoxicity of the powders on osteoblastic (MC3T3-E1) cells was evaluated in vitro. Selenium substituted hydroxyapatite (SeHA), at the concentration (200 μg/mL), demonstrated higher populations of the live cells than that of control (cells without powders), suggesting that selenium may stimulate the proliferation of these cells. In addition, the copper substituted hydroxyapatite (CuHA) and the selenium and copper substituted hydroxyapatite (SeCuHA) at the concentrations (200 and 300 μg/mL) and (200 μg/mL), respectively demonstrated better results than the unsubstituted HA. Antimicrobial activity was assessed using a well-diffusion method against Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans, and superior results has obtained with SeCuHA samples. Presented findings imply that selenium and/or copper substituted modified hydroxyapatite nanoparticles, may be an attractive antimicrobial and cytocompatible substrate to be considered for use in a range of translational applications.

Type: Article
Title: Selenium- and/or copper-substituted hydroxyapatite: A bioceramic substrate for biomedical applications
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/08853282231198726
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/08853282231198726
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Keywords: Selenium, copper, osteoblasts, sulphur, tissue engineering, antimicrobial
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Biomaterials and Tissue Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10175612
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