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Multiple human herpesvirus-8 infection

Beyari, MM; Hodgson, TA; Cook, RD; Kondowe, W; Molyneux, EM; Scully, CM; Teo, CG; (2003) Multiple human herpesvirus-8 infection. J INFECT DIS , 188 (5) 678 - 689. Green open access

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Abstract

In Malawian patients with Kaposi sarcoma (KS) and their relatives, we investigated nucleotide-sequence variation in human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) subgenomic DNA, amplified from oral and blood samples by use of polymerase chain reaction. Twenty-four people had amplifiable HHV-8 DNA in >1 sample; 9 (38%) were seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus type 1, 21 (88%) were anti-HHV-8-seropositive, and 7 (29%) had KS. Sequence variation was sought in 3 loci of the HHV-8 genome: the internal repeat domain of open-reading frame (ORF) 73, the KS330 segment of ORF 26, and variable region 1 of ORF K1. Significant intraperson/intersample and intrasample sequence polymorphisms were observed in 14 people (60%). For 3 patients with KS, intraperson genotypic differences, arising from nucleotide sequence variations in ORFs 26 and K1, were found in blood and oral samples. For 2 other patients with KS and for 9 people without KS, intraperson genotypic and subgenotypic differences, originating predominantly from ORF K1, were found in oral samples; for the 2 patients with KS and for 4 individuals without KS, intrasample carriage of distinct ORF K1 sequences also were discernible. Our findings imply HHV-8 superinfection.

Type: Article
Title: Multiple human herpesvirus-8 infection
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Keywords: SARCOMA-ASSOCIATED HERPESVIRUS, LATENT NUCLEAR ANTIGEN, MULTICENTRIC CASTLEMANS-DISEASE, PRIMARY EFFUSION LYMPHOMA, KAPOSIS-SARCOMA, VIRAL LOAD, TRANSMISSION, PCR, POLYMORPHISM, DNA
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10152
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