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Association of enlarged perivascular spaces and anticoagulant-related intracranial hemorrhage

Best, JG; Barbato, C; Ambler, G; Du, H; Banerjee, G; Wilson, D; Shakeshaft, C; ... Clinical Relevance of Microbleeds in Stroke (CROMIS-2) collabora; + view all (2020) Association of enlarged perivascular spaces and anticoagulant-related intracranial hemorrhage. Neurology 10.1212/WNL.0000000000010788. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate whether enlarged perivascular spaces within the basal ganglia or deep cerebral white matter are risk factors for intracranial hemorrhage in patients taking oral anticoagulants (OAC), independent of established clinical and radiological risk factors, we conducted a post hoc analysis of CROMIS-2 (AF), a prospective inception cohort study. Methods: Patients with atrial fibrillation and recent TIA or ischaemic stroke underwent standardised MR imaging prior to starting OAC. We rated basal ganglia (BGPVS) and centrum semiovale (CSOPVS) perivascular spaces, cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), white matter hyperintensities and lacunes. We dichotomized the PVS rating using a threshold of >10 PVS in the relevant region of either cerebral hemisphere. The primary outcome was symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). We identified risk factors for sICH using Cox regression. Results: 1386 participants with available clinical and imaging variables were followed up for a mean of 2.34 years. 14 sICH occurred (11 intracerebral). In univariable analysis, diabetes, CMB presence, lacune presence and >10 BGPVS, but not CSOPVS, were associated with sICH. In a multivariable model incorporating all variables with significant associations in univariable analysis, >10 BGPVS (HR 8.96, 95% CI 2.41 – 33.4, p = 0.001) and diabetes (HR 3.91, 95% CI 1.34 – 11.4) remained significant risk factors for sICH. Conclusion: Enlarged BGPVS might be a novel risk factor for OAC-related ICH. The strength of this association and potential use in predicting ICH in clinical practice should be investigated in larger cohorts.

Type: Article
Title: Association of enlarged perivascular spaces and anticoagulant-related intracranial hemorrhage
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000010788
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000010788
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Institute of Prion Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10110475
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