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Shimura varieties, Galois representations and motives

Baldi, Gregorio; (2020) Shimura varieties, Galois representations and motives. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis is about Arithmetic Geometry, a field of Mathematics in which techniques from Algebraic Geometry are applied to study Diophantine equations. More precisely, my research revolves around the theory of Shimura varieties, a special class of varieties including modular curves and, more generally, moduli spaces parametrising principally polarised abelian varieties of given dimension (possibly with additional prescribed structures). Originally introduced by Shimura in the ‘60s in his study of the theory of complex multiplication, Shimura varieties are complex analytic varieties of great arithmetic interest. For example, to an algebraic point of a Shimura variety there are naturally attached a Galois representation and a Hodge structure, two objects that, according to Grothendieck’s philosophy of motives, should be intimately related. The work presented here is largely motivated by the (recent progress towards the) Zilber–Pink conjecture, a far reaching conjecture generalising the André–Oort and Mordell–Lang conjectures. More precisely, we first prove a conjecture of Buium–Poonen which is an instance of the Zilber--Pink conjecture (for a product of a modular curve and an elliptic curve). We then present Galois-theoretical sufficient conditions for the existence of rational points on certain Shimura varieties: the moduli space of K3 surfaces and Hilbert modular varieties (the latter case is joint work with G. Grossi). The main idea underlying such works comes from Langlands programme: to a compatible system of Galois representations one can attach an analytic object (like a classi- cal/Hilbert modular form or a Hodge structure), which in turn determines a motive which eventually gives an algebraic point of a Shimura variety. We then prove a geometrical version of Serre’s Galois open image theorem for arbitrary Shimura varieties. We finally discuss representation-theoretical conditions for a variation of Hodge structures to admit an integral structure (joint work with E. Ullmo).

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Shimura varieties, Galois representations and motives
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10110370
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