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Sulfone-containing covalent organic frameworks for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from water

Wang, X; Chen, L; Chong, SY; Little, MA; Wu, Y; Zhu, W-H; Clowes, R; ... Cooper, AI; + view all (2018) Sulfone-containing covalent organic frameworks for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from water. Nature Chemistry 10.1038/s41557-018-0141-5. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Nature uses organic molecules for light harvesting and photosynthesis, but most man-made water splitting catalysts are inorganic semiconductors. Organic photocatalysts, while attractive because of their synthetic tunability, tend to have low quantum efficiencies for water splitting. Here we present a crystalline covalent organic framework (COF) based on a benzo-bis(benzothiophene sulfone) moiety that shows a much higher activity for photochemical hydrogen evolution than its amorphous or semicrystalline counterparts. The COF is stable under long-term visible irradiation and shows steady photochemical hydrogen evolution with a sacrificial electron donor for at least 50 hours. We attribute the high quantum efficiency of fused-sulfone-COF to its crystallinity, its strong visible light absorption, and its wettable, hydrophilic 3.2 nm mesopores. These pores allow the framework to be dye-sensitized, leading to a further 61% enhancement in the hydrogen evolution rate up to 16.3 mmol g−1 h−1. The COF also retained its photocatalytic activity when cast as a thin film onto a support.

Type: Article
Title: Sulfone-containing covalent organic frameworks for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from water
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41557-018-0141-5
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41557-018-0141-5
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10057414
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