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Morphological changes in human serum albumin in presence of cationic amphiphilic drugs

Yaseen, Z; Aswal, VK; Zhou, X; Kabir-ud-Din, .; Haider, S; (2018) Morphological changes in human serum albumin in presence of cationic amphiphilic drugs. New Journal of Chemistry , 42 (3) pp. 2270-2277. 10.1039/C7NJ02591B. Green open access

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Abstract

Human serum albumin (HSA) is one of the most important carrier proteins present in the blood and can constitute more than half of serum proteins. It transports various biomolecules including hormones, fatty acids, ions, drugs and functions to regulate oncotic pressure in the plasma. Cationic amphiphillic drugs like amitriptyline hydrochloride, imipramine hydrochloride and promethazine hydrochloride bind to HSA and influences function by altering its conformation, as confirmed by Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) data coupled to dynamic light scattering measurements (DLS). Protein unfolding was observed by SANS results through an increase in the value of the radius of gyration Rg. At higher drug concentrations, there was no change in the dimensions of the protein. However, the drugs formed free aggregates at higher concentrations without any growth in the drug micelles, which was confirmed by the appearance of second peak in DLS measurements. Molecular docking revealed that the morphology of hydrophobic moiety of the cationic amphiphilic drugs decides their binding fate with HSA, while trajectories from molecular dynamics simulations highlight structural disorder in the drug-HSA complex.

Type: Article
Title: Morphological changes in human serum albumin in presence of cationic amphiphilic drugs
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02591B
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7NJ02591B
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharma and Bio Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10040961
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