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A New Dawn? Indigenous Movements and Ethnic Inclusion in Latin America

Vogt, M; (2016) A New Dawn? Indigenous Movements and Ethnic Inclusion in Latin America. International Studies Quarterly , 60 (4) pp. 790-801. 10.1093/isq/sqw020. Green open access

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Abstract

This article investigates how indigenous movements in Latin America promote the political inclusion of historically marginalized indigenous groups. I argue that the social pressure produced by a strong movement promotes the inclusion of indigenous representatives in formal leadership positions. However, this effect depends on both the movement’s internal unity and the general responsiveness of the political system. I examine my claims using a mixed-methods design. I draw on a new group-level data set on ethnic parties and ethnic civil society organizations in Latin America between 1946 and 2009. My statistical analysis finds that indigenous groups with well-organized movements are more likely to achieve inclusion in executive positions of state power. The level of democratic freedom in a country greatly conditions this effect, while movement-internal factionalism undermines the political effectiveness of indigenous mobilization. I illuminate the causal mechanisms underlying these results in a case study of the rise and decline of indigenous mobilization in Ecuador.

Type: Article
Title: A New Dawn? Indigenous Movements and Ethnic Inclusion in Latin America
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/isq/sqw020
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/isq/sqw020
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10040606
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