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Short-scale break-up in unsteady interactive layers: Local development of normal pressure gradients and vortex wind-up

Li, L; Walker, JDA; Bowles, RI; Smith, FT; (1998) Short-scale break-up in unsteady interactive layers: Local development of normal pressure gradients and vortex wind-up. Journal of Fluid Mechanics , 374 335 - 378. 10.1017/S0022112098002626. Green open access

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Abstract

Following the finite-time collapse of an unsteady interacting boundary layer (step 1), shortened length and time scales are examined here in the near-wall dynamics of transitional-turbulent boundary layers or during dynamic stall. The next two steps are described, in which (step 2) normal pressure gradients come into operation along with a continuing nonlinear critical-layer jump and then (step 3) vortex formation is induced typically. Normal pressure gradients enter in at least two ways, depending on the internal or external flow configuration. This yields for certain internal flows an extended KdV equation with an extra nonlinear integral contribution multiplied by a coefficient which is proportional to the normal rate of change of curvature of the velocity profile locally and whose sign turns out to be crucial. Positive values of the coefficient lead to a further finite-time singularity, while negative values produce a rapid secondary instability phenomenon. Zero values in contrast allow an interplay between solitary waves and wave packets to emerge at large scaled times, this interplay eventually returning the flow to its original, longer, interactive, boundary-layer scales but now coupled with multiple shorter-scale Euler regions. In external or quasi-external flows more generally an extended Benjamin–Ono equation holds instead, leading to a reversal in the roles of positive and negative values of the coefficient. The next step, 3, typically involves the strong wind-up of a local vortex, leading on to explosion or implosion of the vortex. Further discussion is also presented, including the three-dimensional setting, the computational implications, and experimental links.

Type: Article
Title: Short-scale break-up in unsteady interactive layers: Local development of normal pressure gradients and vortex wind-up
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0022112098002626
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112098002626
Language: English
Additional information: © 1998 Cambridge University Press
Keywords: development, fluid dynamics, interactive
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/96918
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