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Food neophobia and mealtime food consumption in 4-5 year old children.

Cooke, L; Carnell, S; Wardle, J; (2006) Food neophobia and mealtime food consumption in 4-5 year old children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 3 (1) , Article 14. 10.1186/1479-5868-3-14. Green open access

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Background: Previous research has documented a negative association between maternal report of child food neophobia and reported frequency of consumption of fruit, vegetables, and meat. This study aimed to establish whether neophobia is associated with lower intake of these food types in naturalistic mealtime situations. Methods: One hundred and nine parents of 4–5 year olds completed questionnaires which included a six-item version of the Child Food Neophobia Scale (CFNS). The children took part in a series of 3 test lunch meals at weekly intervals at school at which they were presented with: chicken, cheese, bread, cheese crackers, chocolate biscuits, grapes and tomatoes or carrot sticks. Food items served to each child were weighed before and after the meal to assess total intake of items in four categories: Fruit and vegetables, Protein foods, Starchy foods and Snack foods. Pearson Product Moment Correlations and independent t tests were performed to examine associations between scores on the CFNS and consumption during lunches. Results: Neophobia was associated with lower consumption of fruit and vegetables, protein foods and total calories, but there was no association with intake of starch or snack foods. Conclusion: These results support previous research that has suggested that neophobia impacts differentially on consumption of different food types. Specifically it appears that children who score highly on the CFNS eat less fruit, vegetables and protein foods than their less neophobic peers. Attempts to increase intake of fruit, vegetables and protein might usefully incorporate strategies known to reduce the neophobic response.

Type: Article
Title: Food neophobia and mealtime food consumption in 4-5 year old children.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-3-14
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-3-14
Language: English
Additional information: © 2006 Cooke et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (PMCID: PMC1557859 PMID: 16824218)
UCL classification: UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/84409
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