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A Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase/Phospholipase Cgamma1 Pathway Regulates Fibroblast Growth Factor-Induced Capillary Tube Formation

Maffucci, T; Raimondi, C; Abu-Hayyeh, S; Dominguez, V; Sala, G; Zachary, I; Falasca, M; (2009) A Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase/Phospholipase Cgamma1 Pathway Regulates Fibroblast Growth Factor-Induced Capillary Tube Formation. PLOS ONE , 4 (12) , Article e8285. 10.1371/journal.pone.0008285. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: The fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are key regulators of embryonic development, tissue homeostasis and tumour angiogenesis. Binding of FGFs to their receptor(s) results in activation of several intracellular signalling cascades including phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and phospholipase C (PLC)gamma 1. Here we investigated the basic FGF (FGF-2)-mediated activation of these enzymes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and defined their role in FGF-2-dependent cellular functions.Methodology/Principal Findings: We show that FGF-2 activates PLC gamma 1 in HUVECs measured by analysis of total inositol phosphates production upon metabolic labelling of cells and intracellular calcium increase. We further demonstrate that FGF-2 activates PI3K, assessed by analysing accumulation of its lipid product phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-P-3 using TLC and confocal microscopy analysis. PI3K activity is required for FGF-2-induced PLC gamma 1 activation and the PI3K/PLC gamma 1 pathway is involved in FGF-2-dependent cell migration, determined using Transwell assay, and in FGF-2-induced capillary tube formation (tubulogenesis assays in vitro). Finally we show that PI3K-dependent PLC gamma 1 activation regulates FGF-2-mediated phosphorylation of Akt at its residue Ser473, determined by Western blotting analysis. This occurs through protein kinase C (PKC)alpha activation since dowregulation of PKC alpha expression using specific siRNA or blockade of its activity using chemical inhibition affects the FGF-2-dependent Ser473 Akt phosphorylation. Furthermore inhibition of PKC alpha blocks FGF-2-dependent cell migration.Conclusion/Significance: These data elucidate the role of PLC gamma 1 in FGF-2 signalling in HUVECs demonstrating its key role in FGF-2-dependent tubulogenesis. Furthermore these data unveil a novel role for PLC gamma 1 as a mediator of PI3K-dependent Akt activation and as a novel key regulator of different Akt-dependent processes.

Type: Article
Title: A Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase/Phospholipase Cgamma1 Pathway Regulates Fibroblast Growth Factor-Induced Capillary Tube Formation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008285
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008285
Language: English
Additional information: © 2009 Maffucci et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This work was supported by British Heart Foundation (grant PG/04/033/16906 and grant PG/06/022/20348 to MF). SA-H was supported by British Heart Foundation (grant PG/04/033/16906 to MF). VD was supported by Barts and The London Charity (grant 430/647 to TM). GS was supported by Association for International Cancer Research (grant 05-127 to MF). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Keywords: PHOSPHOLIPASE-C-GAMMA, ENDOTHELIAL-CELL PROLIFERATION, FACTOR RECEPTOR 1, SIGNALING PATHWAYS, PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE, PLC-GAMMA, ANGIOGENESIS, ACTIVATION, KINASE, PHOSPHORYLATION
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Metabolism and Experi Therapeutics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/79697
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