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Characterization of human cytomegalovirus peptide-specific CD8<sup>+</sup> T-cell repertoire diversity following in vitro restimulation by antigen-pulsed dendritic cells

Peggs, K; Verfuerth, S; Pizzey, A; Ainsworth, J; Moss, P; Mackinnon, S; (2002) Characterization of human cytomegalovirus peptide-specific CD8<sup>+</sup> T-cell repertoire diversity following in vitro restimulation by antigen-pulsed dendritic cells. Blood , 99 (1) pp. 213-223. 10.1182/blood.V99.1.213. Green open access

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Abstract

Under conditions of impaired T-cell immunity, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can reactivate from lifelong latency, resulting in potentially fatal disease. A crucial role for CD8+ T cells has been demonstrated in control of viral replication, and high levels of HCMV-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes are seen in immunocompetent HCMV-seropositive individuals despite very low viral loads. Elucidation of the minimum portion of the anti-HCMV T-cell repertoire that is required to suppress viral replication requires further study of clonal composition. The ability of dendritic cells to take up and process exogenous viral antigen by constitutive macropinocytosis was used to study HCMV-specific T-cell memory in the absence of viral replication. The specificity and clonal composition of the CD8+ T-cell responses were evaluated using HLA tetrameric complexes and T-cell receptor Β chain (TCRBV) spectratypic analyses. There was a skewed reactivity toward the matrix protein pp65, with up to 40-fold expansion of CD8+ T cells directed toward a single peptide-MHC combination. Individual expansions detected on TCRBV spectratype analysis were HCMV-specific and composed of single or highly restricted numbers of clones. There was preferential TCRBV gene usage (BV6.1/ 6.2, BV8, and BV13 in HLA-A*0201+ individuals) but lack of conservation of CDR3 length and junctional motifs between donors. While there was a spectrum of TCR repertoire diversity directed toward individual MHC-peptide combinations between donors, a relatively small number of clones appeared to predominate the response in each case. These data provide further insight into the range of anti-HCMV responses and will aid the design and monitoring of adoptive immunotherapy protocols. © 2002 by The American Society of Hematology.

Type: Article
Title: Characterization of human cytomegalovirus peptide-specific CD8<sup>+</sup> T-cell repertoire diversity following in vitro restimulation by antigen-pulsed dendritic cells
Identifier: PMID: 11756174
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1182/blood.V99.1.213
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7056
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