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Factors influencing in vivo transduction by recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors expressing the human factor IX cDNA.

Nathwani, AC; Davidoff, A; Hanawa, H; Zhou, JF; Vanin, EF; Nienhuis, AW; (2001) Factors influencing in vivo transduction by recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors expressing the human factor IX cDNA. Blood , 97 (5) pp. 1258-1265. 10.1182/blood.v97.5.1258. Green open access

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Abstract

Long-term expression of coagulation factor IX (FIX) has been observed in murine and canine models following administration of recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors into either the portal vein or muscle. These studies were designed to evaluate factors that influence rAAV-mediated FIX expression. Stable and persistent human FIX (hFIX) expression (> 22 weeks) was observed from 4 vectors after injection into the portal circulation of immunodeficient mice. The level of expression was dependent on promoter with the highest expression, 10% of physiologic levels, observed with a vector containing the cytomegalovirus (CMV) enhancer/beta-actin promoter complex (CAGG). The kinetics of expression after injection of vector particles into muscle, tail vein, or portal vein were similar with hFIX detectable at 2 weeks and reaching a plateau by 8 weeks. For a given dose, intraportal administration of rAAV CAGG-FIX resulted in a 1.5-fold or 4-fold higher level of hFIX compared to tail vein or intramuscular injections, respectively. Polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated predominant localization of the rAAV FIX genome in liver and spleen after tail vein injection with a higher proportion in liver after portal vein injection. Therapeutic levels of hFIX were detected in the majority of immunocompetent mice (21 of 22) following intravenous administration of rAAV vector without the development of anti-hFIX antibodies, but hFIX was not detected in 14 immunocompetent mice following intramuscular administration, irrespective of strain. Instead, neutralizing anti-hFIX antibodies were detected in all the mice. These observations may have important implications for hemophilia B gene therapy with rAAV vectors.

Type: Article
Title: Factors influencing in vivo transduction by recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors expressing the human factor IX cDNA.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1182/blood.v97.5.1258
Keywords: Animals, Antibodies, DNA, Complementary, DNA, Recombinant, Dependovirus, Factor IX, Genetic Vectors, Humans, Injections, Intramuscular, Injections, Intravenous, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, SCID, Portal Vein, Time Factors, Tissue Distribution, Transduction, Genetic
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/7023
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