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The epidemiology of fractures in England

Donaldson, L.J.; Reckless, I.P.; Scholes, S.; Mindell, J.S.; Shelton, N.J.; (2008) The epidemiology of fractures in England. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , 62 (2) pp. 174-180. 10.1136/jech.2006.056622. Green open access

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Introduction: Fractures are a considerable public health burden in the United Kingdom but information on their epidemiology is limited. Objective: This study aims to estimate the true annual incidence and lifetime prevalence of fractures in England, within both the general population and specific groups, using a self-report methodology. Methods: A self-report survey of a nationally representative general population sample of 45 293 individuals in England, plus a special boost sample of 10 111 drawn from the ethnic minority population. Results: The calculated fracture incidence is 3.6 fractures per 100 people per year. Lifetime fracture prevalence exceeds 50% in middle-aged men, and 40% in women over the age of 75 years. Fractures occur with reduced frequency in the non-white population: this effect is seen across most black and minority ethnic groups. Conclusions: This study suggests that fractures in England may be more common than previously estimated, with an overall annual fracture incidence of 3.6%. Age-standardised lifetime fracture prevalence is estimated to be 38.2%. Fractures are more commonplace in the white population.

Type: Article
Title: The epidemiology of fractures in England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/jech.2006.056622
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2006.056622
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/4968
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