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High-throughput measurement of protein stability in microtiter plates

Aucamp, JP; Cosme, AM; Lye, GJ; Dalby, PA; (2005) High-throughput measurement of protein stability in microtiter plates. BIOTECHNOL BIOENG , 89 (5) 599 - 607. Green open access

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Abstract

The direct determination of protein stability at high throughput has applications in proteomics, directed evolution, and formulation. Each application places different requirements on the accuracy of stability or transition midpoint determination. The measurement of protein stability by chemical denaturation has been previously performed at medium throughput and high accuracy using autotitrating fluorometers, after removal of proteins from the 96-well plate format in which they were expressed and purified. Herein we present a higher-throughput method for measuring and indexing the stability of proteins maintained within the 96-well format using a fluorescence microplate reader. Protein unfolding transitions were monitored by tryptophan fluorescence at 340 nm and assessed using bovine and equine cytochrome c (cyt c), as well as bovine serum albumin (BSA) stabilized with various amounts of palmitic acid. Two different approaches for generating unfolding curves in microtiter plates have been evaluated for their accuracy and applicability. Unfolding curves generated by the serial addition of denaturant into single wells allowed high-throughput stability screens capable of identifying protein variants with unfolding midpoint differences of 0.15 M denaturant concentration or larger. Such a method would be suitable for screening large numbers of proteins, as typically generated for directed evolution. Unfolding curves generated using one well per denaturant concentration allowed for medium-throughput stability screening and generated more accurate and precise stability values (C-1/2 +/- 0.05 M, m(G), and DeltaG(H2)O) for cyt c that are similar to values reported in literature. This method is suitable for screening the smaller numbers of proteins generated in proteomic research programmes. By using BSA stabilized with various palmitate concentrations and simple numerical indexing, it was shown that both experimental methods can successfully rank the order of protein stability. (C) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Type: Article
Title: High-throughput measurement of protein stability in microtiter plates
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Keywords: directed evolution, high-throughput screening, proteomics, formulation, protein stability, automation, BOVINE SERUM-ALBUMIN, DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING CALORIMETRY, FATTY-ACID-BINDING, CYTOCHROME-C, DIRECTED EVOLUTION, DRUG DISCOVERY, DENATURATION, TECHNOLOGIES, BIOCATALYST, PROTEOMICS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/367
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