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The AdHOC study of older adults’ adherence to medication in 11 countries

Cooper, C.; Carpenter, I.; Katona, C.; Schroll, M.; Wagner, C.; Fialova, D.; Livingston, G.; (2005) The AdHOC study of older adults’ adherence to medication in 11 countries. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry , 13 (12) pp. 1067-1076. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Compared with the resources expended developing, evaluating and making clinical decisions about prescribing medication, we know little about what determines whether people take it. Older adults are prescribed more medication than any other group. Poor adherence is a common reason for nonresponse to medication. OBJECTIVES: To investigate cross-nationally the impact of demographic, psychiatric (including cognitive), physical health, behavioural and medication factors on adherence to medication in older adults. METHODS: Researchers interviewed 3881 people over 65 who receive home care services using a structured interview at participants’ places of residence in eleven countries. The main outcome measure was the percentage participants not adherent to medication. RESULTS: 12.5% (n= 456) of people reported they were not fully adherent to medication. Non-adherence was predicted by problem drinking (OR=3.6), not having a doctor review medication (OR=3.3), dementia (OR=1.4 for every one point increase in impairment), good physical health (OR=1.2), resisting care (OR=2.1) being married (OR=2.3) and living in the Czech Republic (OR=4.7) or Germany (OR=1.4). CONCLUSION: People, who screen positive for problem drinking and with dementia, often undiagnosed are less likely to adhere to medication. Therefore doctors should consider dementia and problem drinking when prescribing for older adults. Interventions to improve adherence in older adults might be more effective if 4 targeted at these groups. It is possible that medication review enhances adherence, by improving the patient-doctor relationship, or by emphasising the relevance of medications.

Type: Article
Title: The AdHOC study of older adults’ adherence to medication in 11 countries
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://ajgponline.org/cgi/content/abstract/13/12/1...
Language: English
Keywords: prescriptions, drug, aged, dementia
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/355
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