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High-resolution optical and infrared spectroscopic observations of Cir X-1

Johnston, HM; Fender, R; Wu, K; (1999) High-resolution optical and infrared spectroscopic observations of Cir X-1. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , 308 (2) 415 - 423. 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02702.x. Green open access

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Abstract

We present new optical and infrared (IR) observations of Cir X-1 taken near apastron. Both sets of spectra show asymmetric emission lines. Archival optical observations show that an asymmetric Hα emission line has been in evidence for the past 20 years, although the shape of the line has changed significantly. We present an eccentric (e∼0.7–0.9) low-mass binary model, where the system consists of a neutron star orbiting around a (sub)giant companion star of 3–5 M⊙. We suggest that the broad components of the emission lines arise in a high-velocity, optically thick flow near the neutron star, while the narrow components of the optical and the IR lines arise near the companion star and a heated ejecta shell surrounding the binary respectively. In this model, the velocity of the narrow component reflects the space velocity of the binary; the implied radial velocity (+430 km s−1 after correcting for Galactic rotation) is the highest velocity known for an X-ray binary.

Type: Article
Title: High-resolution optical and infrared spectroscopic observations of Cir X-1
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02702.x
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02702.x
Language: English
Additional information: © 1999 RAS Definitive versions of articles pre-2013 are available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2966, now published by http://mnras.oxfordjournals.org
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/29661
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