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Some nutritional properties of unrefined sugar and its promotion of the survival of new-born rats.

Eisa, OA; Yudkin, J; (1985) Some nutritional properties of unrefined sugar and its promotion of the survival of new-born rats. British Journal of Nutrition , 54 (3) 593 - 603. 10.1079/BJN19850146. Green open access

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Abstract

1. The claims that rats fed on diets with ‘brown sugar’ (unrefined muscovado) perform better in a number of ways than do rats fed on refined white sugar (sucrose) have been examined. 2. Male Wistar rats were fed on purified diets from weaning, in which the carbohydrate component was either maize starch or unrefined sugar or sucrose. The sugars produced no differences in growth rate, body composition, or the weights of liver or kidneys. Compared with sucrose, unrefined sugar produced an increase in blood cholesterol and in the activity of hepatic fatty acid synthetase, and a greater increase in blood triglyceride. In confirmation of earlier results, rats fed on either sugar had heavier livers and kidneys, increased activity of hepatic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.49) and a higher concentration of plasma triglyceride compared with rats fed on maize starch. 3. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on the same three diets as the male rats, and mated when they weighed about 200 g. No difference was seen in their ability to mate, the progress of pregnancies, or the sizes of the litters. Does fed on unrefined sugar produced litters of higher viability than did does fed on starch or sucrose. Survival was between 85 and 100% with unrefined sugar and between 30 and 75% with starch or sucrose. 4. Unrefined muscovado sugar has thus been shown to contain a factor required by female rats for the proper viability of their pups. This may be the same ‘Reproductive Factor R’ as that described by Wiesner & Yudkin (1951). In certain circumstances, unrefined muscovado sugar might therefore contribute to the nutritional value of a human diet, although in what circumstances, in what respect and to what extent it might do so, is by no means clear.

Type: Article
Title: Some nutritional properties of unrefined sugar and its promotion of the survival of new-born rats.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1079/BJN19850146
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN19850146
Language: English
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/28724
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