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Functional integration across brain regions improves speech perception under adverse listening conditions

Obleser, J; Wise, RJS; Dresner, MA; Scott, SK; (2007) Functional integration across brain regions improves speech perception under adverse listening conditions. J NEUROSCI , 27 (9) 2283 - 2289. 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4663-06.2007. Green open access

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Abstract

Speech perception is supported by both acoustic signal decomposition and semantic context. This study, using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging, investigated the neural basis of this interaction with two speech manipulations, one acoustic ( spectral degradation) and the other cognitive ( semantic predictability). High compared with low predictability resulted in the greatest improvement in comprehension at an intermediate level of degradation, and this was associated with increased activity in the left angular gyrus, the medial and left lateral prefrontal cortices, and the posterior cingulate gyrus. Functional connectivity between these regions was also increased, particularly with respect to the left angular gyrus. In contrast, activity in both superior temporal sulci and the left inferior frontal gyrus correlated with the amount of spectral detail in the speech signal, regardless of predictability. These results demonstrate that increasing functional connectivity between high-order cortical areas, remote from the auditory cortex, facilitates speech comprehension when the clarity of speech is reduced.

Type: Article
Title: Functional integration across brain regions improves speech perception under adverse listening conditions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4663-06.2007
Keywords: speech, semantics, auditory cortex, prefrontal cortex, functional connectivity, fMRI, POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY, INTELLIGIBLE SPEECH, WORD RECOGNITION, TEMPORAL-LOBE, COMPREHENSION, LANGUAGE, CORTEX, SENTENCE, NOISE, CONTEXT
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2859
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