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Regional and temporal changes in AIDS in Europe before HAART

Blaxhult, A; Fox, Z; Colebunders, R; Francioli, P; Ben-Ishai, Z; Fatkenheuer, G; Parkin, JM; ... EuroSIDA Study Grp, E; + view all (2002) Regional and temporal changes in AIDS in Europe before HAART. EPIDEMIOL INFECT , 129 (3) 565 - 576. 10.1017/S0950268802007719. Green open access

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Abstract

In a prospective observational study 4485 patients from 46 clinical centres in 17 European countries were followed between April 1994 and November 1996. Information on AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were collected together with basic demographic data, treatment history and laboratory results. The centres were divided into four geographical regions (north, central, south-west and south-east) so that it was possible to identify any existing regional differences in ADEs. The regional differences that we observed included a higher risk of all forms of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections (Tb) and wasting disease in the south-west and an increased risk of infections with the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) in the north. In Cox multivariable analyses, where north was used as the reference group, we observed hazard ratios of 6.87, 7.77, 2.29 and 0.16 (P < 0.05 in all cases) for pulmonary Tb, extrapulmonary Tb, wasting disease and MAC respectively in the south-west. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) was less commonly diagnosed in the central region (RH = 0.51, 95% CI 0.32-0.79, P = 0.003) and most common in the south-east (RH = 1.04, 95% CI 0.71-1.51, P = 0.85). Comparisons with a similar 'AIDS in Europe' study that concentrated on the early phase of the epidemic reveal that most of the regional differences that were observed in the 1980s still persist in the mid-1990s.

Type: Article
Title: Regional and temporal changes in AIDS in Europe before HAART
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0950268802007719
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268802007719
Language: English
Additional information: © 2002 Cambridge University Press
Keywords: HIV-INFECTED PATIENTS, IMMUNE-DEFICIENCY-SYNDROME, KAPOSIS-SARCOMA, ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, MYCOBACTERIUM-AVIUM, ZIDOVUDINE BENEFIT, NATURAL-HISTORY, DURATION, EPIDEMIOLOGY, TUBERCULOSIS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/27901
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