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The effect of area-wide pedestrianisation linking town centre attractions

Nakamura, K.; (2010) The effect of area-wide pedestrianisation linking town centre attractions. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London).

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This study examines the effect of an area-wide pedestrianisation scheme linking town centre attractions with pedestrianised streets, considering the impact on commercial activities in a large town centre. Currently, pedestrianisation is required to play a role as a linkage for pedestrians between attractions and nearby stations. However, this is still an individual approach by improving streets around an individual attraction, paying little attention to an area-wide approach of pedestrianisation linking attractions to each other to create an urban street network for pedestrians. Area-wide pedestrianisation could be more effective in a large town centre that has many attractions and stations within walking distance of one another. Moreover, the effectiveness of area-wide pedestrianisation could be attributed to the street configuration of pedestrianisation rather than the size of a pedestrianisation area. Accordingly, in a large town centre, area-wide pedestrianisation could enhance the effect of individual pedestrianisation between attractions and nearby stations by linking attractions to each other. This study works on a key research question about whether area-wide pedestrianisation could be more effective than individual pedestrianisation in terms of the benefits of pedestrian accessibility and economic viability. To answer the question, a pedestrian flow model and commercial land-use model are developed based on multiple regression analysis with empirical data to predict effects on accessibility and economic viability from the individual and area-wide pedestrianisation schemes. Then, an assessment of the schemes is conducted with the implementation of a simulation using the developed models in a case study area by identifying the most effective street configuration of each scheme. The West End area in Central London is employed as a most-likely case study area to expect the effects of the area-wide pedestrianisation scheme. The result of this study shows that area-wide pedestrianisation has a greater effect than individual pedestrianisation.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: The effect of area-wide pedestrianisation linking town centre attractions
Language: English
Additional information: Authorisation for digitisation not received
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Planning
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/19498
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