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The effects of entry on incumbent innovation and productivity

Aghion, P.; Blundell, R.; Griffith, R.; Howitt, P.; Prantl, S.; (2009) The effects of entry on incumbent innovation and productivity. The Review of Economics and Statistics , 91 (1) pp. 20-32. 10.1162/rest.91.1.20. Green open access

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How does firm entry affect innovation incentives in incumbent firms? Microdata suggest that there is heterogeneity across industries. Specifically, incumbent productivity growth and patenting is positively correlated with lagged greenfield foreign firm entry in technologically advanced industries, but not in laggard industries. In this paper we provide evidence that these correlations arise from a causal effect predicted by Schumpeterian growth theory—the threat of technologically advanced entry spurs innovation incentives in sectors close to the technology frontier, where successful innovation allows incumbents to survive the threat, but discourages innovation in laggard sectors, where the threat reduces incumbents' expected rents from innovating. We find that the empirical patterns hold using rich micro panel data for the United Kingdom. We control for the endogeneity of entry by exploiting major European and U.K. policy reforms, and allow for endogeneity of additional factors. We complement the analysis for foreign entry with evidence for domestic entry and entry through imports.

Type: Article
Title: The effects of entry on incumbent innovation and productivity
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1162/rest.91.1.20
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/rest.91.1.20
Language: English
Keywords: D24, F23, J24, L11, O33
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/15901
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