UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The cognate facilitation effect in bilingual lexical decision is influenced by stimulus list composition

Poort, ED; Rodd, JM; (2017) The cognate facilitation effect in bilingual lexical decision is influenced by stimulus list composition. Acta Psychologica , 180 pp. 52-63. 10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.08.008. Green open access

[thumbnail of Poort_1-s2.0-S0001691816302839-main.pdf]
Preview
Text
Poort_1-s2.0-S0001691816302839-main.pdf - Published version

Download (629kB) | Preview

Abstract

Cognates share their form and meaning across languages: "winter" in English means the same as "winter" in Dutch. Research has shown that bilinguals process cognates more quickly than words that exist in one language only (e.g. "ant" in English). This finding is taken as strong evidence for the claim that bilinguals have one integrated lexicon and that lexical access is language non-selective. Two English lexical decision experiments with Dutch-English bilinguals investigated whether the cognate facilitation effect is influenced by stimulus list composition. In Experiment 1, the 'standard' version, which included only cognates, English control words and regular non-words, showed significant cognate facilitation (31ms). In contrast, the 'mixed' version, which also included interlingual homographs, pseudohomophones (instead of regular non-words) and Dutch-only words, showed a significantly different profile: a non-significant disadvantage for the cognates (8ms). Experiment 2 examined the specific impact of these three additional stimuli types and found that only the inclusion of Dutch words significantly reduced the cognate facilitation effect. Additional exploratory analyses revealed that, when the preceding trial was a Dutch word, cognates were recognised up to 50ms more slowly than English controls. We suggest that when participants must respond 'no' to non-target language words, competition arises between the 'yes'- and 'no'-responses associated with the two interpretations of a cognate, which (partially) cancels out the facilitation that is a result of the cognate's shared form and meaning. We conclude that the cognate facilitation effect is a real effect that originates in the lexicon, but that cognates can be subject to competition effects outside the lexicon.

Type: Article
Title: The cognate facilitation effect in bilingual lexical decision is influenced by stimulus list composition
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.08.008
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.08.008
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
Keywords: Bilingual, Cognates, Interlingual homographs, Lexical decision, Response competition
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1574223
Downloads since deposit
101Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item