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Dual task impairments in vascular dementia

Inasaridze, K; Foley, JA; Logie, RH; Sala, SD; (2010) Dual task impairments in vascular dementia. Behavioural Neurology , 22 (1-2) pp. 45-52. 10.3233/BEN-2009-0252. Green open access

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Abstract

Several studies have shown that people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) demonstrate difficulties in doing two things at once or 'dual-tasking' and that this dual task impairment is insensitive to normal ageing, chronic depression or prodromal conditions like Mild Cognitive Impairment. It is not known, however, if this impairment is specific to AD, or also present in other dementias, such as vascular dementia (VaD). In this study 15 people with VaD, 25 healthy age-matched and 25 healthy young controls were assessed using a paper and pencil dual tasking paradigm and several measures of working and episodic memory. Age had no effect on dual task performance, but the VaD patients demonstrated a significant impairment in dual tasking ability. Performance on the memory measures was instead affected by age with a further deterioration in the VaD patients. Both dual tasking and memory ability were significantly correlated with disease severity, as assessed by the MMSE. These results indicate that performance on the dual task could be a specific indicator of pathological ageing.

Type: Article
Title: Dual task impairments in vascular dementia
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3233/BEN-2009-0252
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BEN-2009-0252
Language: English
Additional information: © 2010 Hindawi Publishing Corporation and the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Adult, Aged, Aging, Case-Control Studies, Dementia, Vascular, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Memory Disorders, Memory, Short-Term, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, ROC Curve, Young Adult
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1574222
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