UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Design of hyperporous graphene networks and their application in solid-amine based carbon capture systems

Gadipelli, S; Lu, Y; Skipper, NT; Yildirim, T; Guo, Z; (2017) Design of hyperporous graphene networks and their application in solid-amine based carbon capture systems. Journal of Materials Chemistry A , 5 (34) pp. 17833-17840. 10.1039/c7ta05789j. Green open access

[thumbnail of Guo_c7ta05789j.pdf]
Preview
Text
Guo_c7ta05789j.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

We demonstrate a simple and fully scalable method for obtaining hierarchical hyperporous graphene networks of ultrahigh total pore volume by thermal-shock exfoliation of graphene-oxide (exfGO) at a relatively mild temperature of 300 °C. Such pore volume per unit mass has not previously been achieved in any type of porous solid. We find that the amount of oxidation of starting graphene-oxide is the key factor that determines the pore volume and surface area of the final material after thermal shock. Specifically, we emphasize that the development of the hyperporosity is directly proportional to the enhanced oxidation of sp2 C[double bond, length as m-dash]C to form C[double bond, length as m-dash]O/COO. Using our method, we reproducibly synthesized remarkable meso-/macro-porous graphene networks with exceptionally high total pore volumes, exceeding 6 cm3 g−1. This is a step change compared to ≤3 cm3 g−1 in conventional GO under similar synthetic conditions. Moreover, a record high amine impregnation of >6 g g−1 is readily attained in exfGO samples (solid-amine@exfGO), where amine loading is directly controlled by the pore-structure and volume of the host materials. Such solid-amine@exfGO samples exhibit an ultrahigh selective flue-gas CO2 capture of 30–40 wt% at 75 °C with a working capacity of ≈25 wt% and a very long cycling stability under simulated flue-gas stream conditions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report where a graphene-oxide based hyperporous carbon network is used to host amines for carbon capture application with exceptionally high storage capacity and stability.

Type: Article
Title: Design of hyperporous graphene networks and their application in solid-amine based carbon capture systems
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/c7ta05789j
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1039/c7ta05789j
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Technology, Chemistry, Physical, Energy & Fuels, Materials Science, Multidisciplinary, Chemistry, Materials Science, METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS, CO2 CAPTURE, PORE VOLUME, ADSORPTION, SORBENTS, POLYETHYLENEIMINE, EFFICIENCY, CHEMISTRY, CAPACITY, OXIDE
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1573087
Downloads since deposit
93Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item