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Equipping community pharmacy workers as agents for health behaviour change: developing and testing a theory-based smoking cessation intervention

Steed, L; Sohanpal, R; James, W-Y; Rivas, C; Jumbe, S; Chater, A; Todd, A; ... Walton, R; + view all (2017) Equipping community pharmacy workers as agents for health behaviour change: developing and testing a theory-based smoking cessation intervention. BMJ Open , 7 (8) , Article e015637. 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015637. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To develop a complex intervention for community pharmacy staff to promote uptake of smoking cessation services and to increase quit rates. DESIGN: Following the Medical Research Council framework, we used a mixed-methods approach to develop, pilot and then refine the intervention. METHODS: Phase I: We used information from qualitative studies in pharmacies, systematic literature reviews and the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation-Behaviour framework to inform design of the initial version of the intervention. Phase II: We then tested the acceptability of this intervention with smoking cessation advisers and assessed fidelity using actors who visited pharmacies posing as smokers, in a pilot study. Phase III: We reviewed the content and associated theory underpinning our intervention, taking account of the results of the earlier studies and a realist analysis of published literature. We then confirmed a logic model describing the intended operation of the intervention and used this model to refine the intervention and associated materials. SETTING: Eight community pharmacies in three inner east London boroughs. PARTICIPANTS: 12 Stop Smoking Advisers. INTERVENTION: Two, 150 min, skills-based training sessions focused on communication and behaviour change skills with between session practice. RESULTS: The pilot study confirmed acceptability of the intervention and showed preliminary evidence of benefit; however, organisational barriers tended to limit effective operation. The pilot data and realist review pointed to additional use of Diffusion of Innovations Theory to seat the intervention in the wider organisational context. CONCLUSIONS: We have developed and refined an intervention to promote smoking cessation services in community pharmacies, which we now plan to evaluate in a randomised controlled trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: UKCRN ID 18446, Pilot.

Type: Article
Title: Equipping community pharmacy workers as agents for health behaviour change: developing and testing a theory-based smoking cessation intervention
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015637
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015637
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Community Pharmacies, Diffusion of Innovations Theory, Health Behaviour Change, Intervention development, Self Determination Theory, Smoking cessation, Social Cognitive Theory
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Practice and Policy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1571780
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