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Retinal atrophy in relation to visual functioning and vision-related quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis

Balk, LJ; Coric, D; Nij Bijvank, JA; Killestein, J; Uitdehaag, BM; Petzold, A; (2017) Retinal atrophy in relation to visual functioning and vision-related quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal , 24 (6) pp. 767-776. 10.1177/1352458517708463. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inner retinal layer atrophy in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has been validated as a structural imaging biomarker for neurodegeneration. OBJECTIVE: To determine how retinal layer thickness relates to high-contrast visual acuity (HCVA), low-contrast visual acuity (LCVA) and vision-related quality of life (QoL) and to investigate the effect of previous episodes on MS-associated optic neuritis (MSON). METHODS: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was performed in 267 patients with MS. Images were segmented for the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and the macular ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (GCIPL). Ophthalmological evaluations included history of MSON, HCVA, LCVA, and vision-related QoL. RESULTS: Independent of MSON, HCVA and LCVA were significantly associated with pRNFL and GCIPL thicknesses. Vision-related QoL was positively associated with pRNFL (β = 0.92, p = 0.06) and GCIPL (β = 0.93, p = 0.02) thicknesses. These associations were independent of MSON. Not only binocular but also monocular atrophy of the inner retinal layers was associated with lower vision-related QoL. CONCLUSION: This study showed that retinal atrophy has a significant impact on visual functioning in patients with MS. OCT may therefore provide useful insight to patients with visual dysfunction, and our findings support including OCT and vision-related QoL measures into optic neuritis treatment trials.

Type: Article
Title: Retinal atrophy in relation to visual functioning and vision-related quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/1352458517708463
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1177/1352458517708463
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, neurodegeneration, optical coherence tomography, quality of life, retina, visual acuity
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1557746
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