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The test accuracy of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) by stroke lateralisation

Chan, E; Altendorff, S; Healy, C; Werring, DJ; Cipolotti, L; (2016) The test accuracy of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) by stroke lateralisation. Journal of the Neurological Sciences , 373 pp. 100-104. 10.1016/j.jns.2016.12.028. Green open access

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Abstract

Background The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is an increasingly popular screening tool for detecting cognitive impairment post-stroke. However its' test accuracy by stroke lateralisation is as yet unknown. Aim Our aim was to investigate whether the test accuracy of the MoCA differs by stroke lateralisation across different cognitive domains. Methods We retrospectively examined the cognitive profiles of 228 subacute stroke patients (86 Left, 142 Right), comparing MoCA-total and domain-specific scores with performance on detailed neuropsychological assessment. Results The prevalence of cognitive impairment detected on neuropsychological assessment was high and relatively comparable between the right and left hemisphere stroke groups (91% and 93% respectively). Notably however, 29% of the right stroke group and 6% of the left stroke group achieved a “cognitively-intact” MoCA score (≥ 25). A high proportion of right stroke patients who had an overall MoCA-intact score were found to be impaired in intellectual functioning, processing speed, executive functions and non-verbal memory on neuropsychological assessment. Furthermore, a high proportion of patients who scored full-marks within a MoCA-specified domain, irrespective of their overall score, were found to have impairment on corresponding neuropsychological assessment for both stroke groups. Conclusions Particular care needs to be taken in interpreting MoCA-intact performance for right hemisphere patients due to its poor sensitivity to right hemisphere deficits. Scoring maximum points within a MoCA-specified domain also does not necessarily indicate intact cognitive functioning in that domain. Clinicians should consider supplementing their MoCA assessment with additional tools to increase the test accuracy of detecting relevant cognitive impairments post-stroke.

Type: Article
Title: The test accuracy of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) by stroke lateralisation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2016.12.028
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2016.12.028
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Clinical Neurology, Neurosciences, Neurosciences & Neurology, Cognition, Stroke, Montreal cognitive assessment, Neuropsychology, Executive functions, Lateralisation, MENTAL-STATE-EXAMINATION, LEFT-HEMISPHERE, NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL EVALUATION, ISCHEMIC-STROKE, IMPAIRMENT, INFORMATION, ABILITIES, TOOLS, SPEED
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1542762
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