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Audience effects: what can they tell us about social neuroscience, theory of mind and autism?

Hamilton, AFDC; Lind, F; (2016) Audience effects: what can they tell us about social neuroscience, theory of mind and autism? Culture and Brain , 4 (2) pp. 159-177. 10.1007/s40167-016-0044-5. Green open access

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Abstract

An audience effect arises when a person’s behaviour changes because they believe someone else is watching them. Though these effects have been known about for over 110 years, the cognitive mechanisms of the audience effect and how it might vary across different populations and cultures remains unclear. In this review, we examine the hypothesis that the audience effect draws on implicit mentalising abilities. Behavioural and neuroimaging data from a number of tasks are consistent with this hypothesis. We further review data suggest that how people respond to audiences may vary over development, personality factors, cultural background and clinical diagnosis including autism and anxiety disorder. Overall, understanding and exploring the audience effect may contribute to our models of social interaction, including reputation management and mentalising.

Type: Article
Title: Audience effects: what can they tell us about social neuroscience, theory of mind and autism?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0044-5
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40167-016-0044-5
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2016. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Audience effect, Social facilitation, Self-focus, Reputation management, Theory of mind, Autism
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1538703
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