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Effect of Remote Ischaemic Preconditioning on Liver Injury in Patients Undergoing Major Hepatectomy for Colorectal Liver Metastasis: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Feasibility Trial

Kanoria, S; Robertson, FP; Mehta, NN; Fusai, G; Sharma, D; Davidson, BR; (2017) Effect of Remote Ischaemic Preconditioning on Liver Injury in Patients Undergoing Major Hepatectomy for Colorectal Liver Metastasis: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Feasibility Trial. World Journal of Surgery , 41 (5) pp. 1322-1330. 10.1007/s00268-016-3823-4. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Liver resection produces excellent long-term survival for patients with colorectal liver metastases but is associated with significant morbidity and mortality from ischaemia reperfusion injury (IRI). Remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) can reduce the effect of IRI. This pilot randomised controlled trial evaluated RIPC in patients undergoing major hepatectomy at the Royal Free Hospital, London. METHODS: Sixteen patients were randomised to RIPC or sham control. RIPC was induced through three 10-min cycles of alternate ischaemia and reperfusion to the leg. At baseline and immediately post-resection, transaminases and indocyanine green (ICG) clearance were measured. FINDINGS: The RIPC group had lower ALT and AST levels immediately post-resection (ALT: 43% lower 497 ± 165 vs 889 ± 170 IU/L; p = 0.019 AST: 54% lower 408 ± 166 vs 836 ± 167 IU/L; p = 0.001) and at 24 h (ALT: 41% lower 412 ± 144 vs 698 ± 137 IU/L; p = 0.026 AST: 50% lower 316 ± 116 vs 668 ± 115 IU/L; p = 0.02). ICG clearance was reduced in controls versus RIPC immediately after resection (ICG-PDR: 11.1 ± 1.1 vs 16.5 ± 1.4%/min; p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study shows that RIPC has potential to reduce liver injury following hepatectomy justifying a prospective RCT powered to demonstrate clinical benefits.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of Remote Ischaemic Preconditioning on Liver Injury in Patients Undergoing Major Hepatectomy for Colorectal Liver Metastasis: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Feasibility Trial
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00268-016-3823-4
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-016-3823-4
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2016 Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1533688
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