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Visual research in clinical education

Bezemer, J; (2017) Visual research in clinical education. Medical Education , 51 (1) pp. 105-113. 10.1111/medu.13163. Green open access

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Abstract

AIM: The aim of this paper is to explore what might be gained from collecting and analysing visual data, such as photographs, scans, drawings, video and screen recordings, in clinical educational research. Its focus is on visual research that looks at teaching and learning ‘as it naturally occurs’ in the work place, in simulation centres and other sites, and also involves the collection and analysis of visual learning materials circulating in these sites. BACKGROUND: With the ubiquity of digital recording devices, video data and visual learning materials are now relatively cheap to collect. Compared to other domains of education research visual materials are not widely used in clinical education research. The paper sets out to identify and reflect on the possibilities for visual research using examples from an ethnographic study on surgical and inter-professional learning in the operating theatres of a London hospital. MAIN CONTRIBUTION: The paper shows how visual research enables recognition, analysis and critical evaluation of (1) the hidden curriculum, such as the meanings implied by embodied, visible actions of clinicians; (2) the ways in which clinical teachers design multimodal learning environments using a range of modes of communication available to them, combining, for instance, gesture and speech; (3) the informal assessment of clinical skills, and the intricate relation between trainee performance and supervisor feedback; (4) the potentialities and limitations of different visual learning materials, such as textbooks and videos, for representing medical knowledge. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The paper concludes with theoretical and methodological reflections on what can be made visible, and therefore available for analysis, explanation and evaluation if visual materials are used for clinical education research, and what remains unaccounted for if written language remains the dominant mode in the research cycle. Opportunities for quantitative analysis and ethical implications are also discussed.

Type: Article
Title: Visual research in clinical education
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/medu.13163
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13163
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and The Association for the Study of Medical Education. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bezemer, J; (2017) Visual research in clinical education. Medical Education , 51 (1) pp. 105-113, which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13163. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1531879
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