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Highly efficient electro-reduction of CO2 to formic acid by nano-copper

Gupta, K; Bersani, M; Darr, JA; (2016) Highly efficient electro-reduction of CO2 to formic acid by nano-copper. Journal of Materials Chemistry A , 4 (36) pp. 13786-13794. 10.1039/c6ta04874a. Green open access

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Abstract

Ultra-fine copper(II) oxide nanoparticles were used for the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to formic acid at high Faradaic efficiencies. The nanoparticles were directly synthesised via continuous hydrothermal flow synthesis (CHFS) process, which used water as a solvent and reagent. The as-prepared nanoparticles were subsequently formulated into Nafion based inks. For the electroreduction of CO2, the influence of Nafion fraction on the Faradaic efficiencies and overpotential (for formic acid production), was explored over a wide potential range. The highest Faradaic efficiency for formic acid production (61%) was observed with a 25 wt% Nafion fraction, at a potential of −1.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl. Some insights into the significant increase in Faradaic efficiency for the production of formic acid with the optimum Nafion content, was elucidated with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

Type: Article
Title: Highly efficient electro-reduction of CO2 to formic acid by nano-copper
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/c6ta04874a
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6ta04874a
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Technology, Chemistry, Physical, Energy & Fuels, Materials Science, Multidisciplinary, Chemistry, Materials Science, ELECTROCHEMICAL REDUCTION, CARBON-DIOXIDE, SUPERCRITICAL WATER, NANOPARTICLES, CUO, PERFORMANCE, TECHNOLOGY, SURFACES, REACTOR, OXIDES
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1527818
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