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Infinite stiffness structures via active control

Senatore, G; Duffour, P; Winslow, P; Wise, C; (2015) Infinite stiffness structures via active control. In: Proceedings of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium 2015, Amsterdam. International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS): Amsterdam, Netherlands. Green open access

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Abstract

Active control has been used in civil engineering structures for a variety of purposes. Although the potential for using deflection-control adaptation to save material has been investigated by a few other authors, little attention has been given to assessing whether these material savings outweigh the energy consumed through control and actuation. Our paper seeks to address this gap, presenting experimental work on a truss with effective infinite stiffness which builds on earlier theoretical studies. Senatore previously developed a design method that produces an optimum adaptive structure that minimises the total energy spent throughout the whole life of the structure (embodied in the materials + operational for the control) (Senatore, et al., 2013). The method was used to design a range of structures from trusses to space frames, both determinate and indeterminate, and it was shown that it allows energy saving up to 70% compared to state of the art optimisation methods. A large scale prototype structure has now been built to validate the numerical findings and investigate the practicality of the method. This paper discusses recent experimental findings and the making of the prototype. Using the insight acquired after the making and testing of the prototype the authors will discuss potential applications of adaptive structures in selection of different scenarios, ranging from cantilever seating tiers in sports stands to lightweight roofs to slender beams with 80:1 span/depth ratio!

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Infinite stiffness structures via active control
Event: International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium - 2015
Location: Amsterdam
Dates: 17 August 2015 - 20 August 2015
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: adaptive structures, active control, embodied energy, operational energy, structural optimization
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1523933
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