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Iron accumulates in the primate choroid of the eye with aging as revealed with synchrotron X-ray fluorescence microscopy

Ugarte, M; Geraki, K; Jeffery, G; (2016) Iron accumulates in the primate choroid of the eye with aging as revealed with synchrotron X-ray fluorescence microscopy. Metallomics , 8 (10) pp. 1071-1080. 10.1039/c6mt00125d. Green open access

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Abstract

Aging leads to an increase in iron-loaded cellular structures in the choroid of the eye. This study was carried out to determine the distribution and content of iron, zinc and copper in the macular retina, choroid and retrobulbar optic nerve of young (4–5 years, n = 3) and aged (15–16 years, n = 5) male non-human primates, Macaca fascicularis, whose ocular anatomy is similar to humans. Thirty μm-thick tissue sections were analysed with synchrotron X-ray fluorescence and stained histologically for iron deposition. Quantitative measurements showed high levels of iron, zinc and copper in the choroid and retinal pigment epithelium in the macular area and arachnoid layer in the retrobulbar optic nerve. In aged animals compared to young ones, there was an increase in iron in the choroid with larger deposits and iron-loaded cellular structures. Iron-accumulation within these cellular structures may contribute to choroidal function impairment in aging and age-related macular degeneration.

Type: Article
Title: Iron accumulates in the primate choroid of the eye with aging as revealed with synchrotron X-ray fluorescence microscopy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/c6mt00125d
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6mt00125d
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, MACULAR DEGENERATION, FORMALIN FIXATION, ZINC, AGE, COPPER, HOMEOSTASIS, DISEASE, RETINA
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1520227
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