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Mindfulness ability in people with mild to moderate dementia

Bousfield, CC; (2016) Mindfulness ability in people with mild to moderate dementia. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Overview This thesis focuses on research with people with dementia (PWD). Part 1 is a literature review exploring factors identified or endorsed by PWD and their carers as influencing whether or not the person with dementia would participate in research. A total of 16 papers were included. The quality of papers was variable, and limitations frequent. The most prominent motivators identified for research participation were direct health benefit and altruism. The most prominent barriers were concerns about risks and side effects of drugs and procedures, and the practical burden of participation. The discussion highlights key considerations for future recruitment. Part 2 is an empirical study examining the performance of 34 PWD on an experience-sampling measure of mindful attention. The study aimed to develop the evidence base for future mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for depression in dementia. No significant results were found for the main hypotheses, that people with dementia would perform significantly more poorly than a comparison group of older adults without dementia on the measure of mindful attention, and that performance on this measure would positively correlate with measures of executive function and overall cognition. Possible reasons for the findings are discussed, along with limitations of the study, and implications for future research and clinical practice. The comparison group data is shared with Habib (2016). The study is a substudy of an ongoing PhD project by Joshua Stott. Part 3 is a critical appraisal of the research process. It reflects on particular challenges that arose in the recruitment, consent and data collection processes with the PWD sample, outlining how these were dealt with during the study, and making recommendations for future research.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Mindfulness ability in people with mild to moderate dementia
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1519667
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