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"Textural analysis of multiparametric MRI detects transition zone prostate cancer"

Sidhu, HS; Benigno, S; Ganeshan, B; Dikaios, N; Johnston, EW; Allen, C; Kirkham, A; ... Punwani, S; + view all (2017) "Textural analysis of multiparametric MRI detects transition zone prostate cancer". European Radiology , 27 (6) pp. 2348-2358. 10.1007/s00330-016-4579-9. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate multiparametric-MRI (mpMRI) derived histogram textural-analysis parameters for detection of transition zone (TZ) prostatic tumour. METHODS: Sixty-seven consecutive men with suspected prostate cancer underwent 1.5T mpMRI prior to template-mapping-biopsy (TPM). Twenty-six men had 'significant' TZ tumour. Two radiologists in consensus matched TPM to the single axial slice best depicting tumour, or largest TZ diameter for those with benign histology, to define single-slice whole TZ-regions-of-interest (ROIs). Textural-parameter differences between single-slice whole TZ-ROI containing significant tumour versus benign/insignificant tumour were analysed using Mann Whitney U test. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed by receiver operating characteristic area under curve (ROC-AUC) analysis cross-validated with leave-one-out (LOO) analysis. RESULTS: ADC kurtosis was significantly lower (p < 0.001) in TZ containing significant tumour with ROC-AUC 0.80 (LOO-AUC 0.78); the difference became non-significant following exclusion of significant tumour from single-slice whole TZ-ROI (p = 0.23). T1-entropy was significantly lower (p = 0.004) in TZ containing significant tumour with ROC-AUC 0.70 (LOO-AUC 0.66) and was unaffected by excluding significant tumour from TZ-ROI (p = 0.004). Combining these parameters yielded ROC-AUC 0.86 (LOO-AUC 0.83). CONCLUSION: Textural features of the whole prostate TZ can discriminate significant prostatic cancer through reduced kurtosis of the ADC-histogram where significant tumour is included in TZ-ROI and reduced T1 entropy independent of tumour inclusion. KEY POINTS: MR textural features of prostate transition zone may discriminate significant prostatic cancer; Transition zone (TZ) containing significant tumour demonstrates a less peaked ADC histogram; TZ containing significant tumour reveals higher post-contrast T1-weighted homogeneity; The utility of MR texture analysis in prostate cancer merits further investigation.

Type: Article
Title: "Textural analysis of multiparametric MRI detects transition zone prostate cancer"
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00330-016-4579-9
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-016-4579-9
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2016. Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Cancer, Diagnosis, Image Processing, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Prostate
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Department of Imaging
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1516562
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