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From Non-human to Human: Adult's and Children's Perceptions of Agents Varying in Humanness

Krumhuber, E; Kappas, A; Hume, C; Hall, L; Aylett, R; (2015) From Non-human to Human: Adult's and Children's Perceptions of Agents Varying in Humanness. In: Brinkman, WP and Broekens, J and Heylen, D, (eds.) Intelligent Virtual Agents: Proceedings [of the] IVA 2015, 15th International Conference. (pp. pp. 471-474). Springer International Publishing Green open access

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Abstract

While most interface agents have been designed from an adult perspective, the present paper compares adults’ and children’s views of agents that vary in their degree of humanness. Four synthetic characters ranging in appearance from non-human to very human (blob, cat, cartoon, human) were presented to adult and children perceivers and were evaluated with respect to their cognitive and emotional abilities. The visual appearance significantly influenced participants’ ratings in both age groups. However, the pattern of results was more differentiated for adult perceivers as a function of the human-likeness of the character. The findings suggest that children may rely less on human-like features in inferring agents’ capabilities which are judged along simpler cognitive and social dimensions. Implications for the design of artificial agents are discussed.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: From Non-human to Human: Adult's and Children's Perceptions of Agents Varying in Humanness
Event: IVA 2015, 15th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents, 26-28 August 2015, Delft, The Netherlands
Location: Delft, NETHERLANDS
Dates: 26 August 2015 - 28 August 2015
ISBN-13: 9783319219950
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21996-7_50
Publisher version: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-3...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Agent; Appearance; Human-like, Theory of mind, Children
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1510214
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