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Community Resilience to Cyclone Disasters in Coastal Bangladesh

Ahmed, B; Kelman, I; Fehr, HK; Saha, M; (2016) Community Resilience to Cyclone Disasters in Coastal Bangladesh. Sustainability , 8 (8) , Article 805. 10.3390/su8080805. Green open access

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Abstract

Bangladesh is one of the poorest and most disaster-prone countries in the world. To address both problems simultaneously, sustainable livelihoods (SL) could be better connected with disaster risk reduction (DRR). For this purpose, one initiative implemented in Bangladesh is called the Vulnerability to Resilience (V2R) programme which ran from 2013 to 2016. This programme was primarily initiated and funded by the British Red Cross in a consortium with the Swedish Red Cross and the German Red Cross. This article presents the first evaluation of the V2R programme with three objectives. The first objective was to measure whether the selected communities have achieved community resilience characteristics as defined by the programme. The second objective was to conduct a cost-benefit analysis for the intervention. The third objective was to analyse V2R’s impact on the communities in terms of DRR and SL. Community-based focus group discussions and household-based surveys were conducted before and after the intervention (2013–2016) in two coastal communities in Patuakhali district, Nowapara and Pashurbunia. The analysis found that community members are now engaged with many hazard-resilient and vulnerability-reducing livelihood activities, using SL to implement DRR, yet these approaches were almost absent prior to V2R. Consequently, the communities have achieved resilience characteristics, being more well-organized and better connected; having better access to infrastructure, services, and economic opportunities; are more knowledgeable and healthier; and are better managing their available resources. Critiques of the concepts are discussed, although in this case, DRR based on SL has shown positive results, exactly as development theory suggests.

Type: Article
Title: Community Resilience to Cyclone Disasters in Coastal Bangladesh
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/su8080805
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su8080805
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Science & Technology - Other Topics, Environmental Sciences & Ecology, cyclone, coastal community, resilience, vulnerability, sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction, Bangladesh, RISK REDUCTION, CLIMATE-CHANGE, VULNERABILITY, IMPACTS, CAPACITIES, HAZARDS, AREAS, DHAKA
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1508229
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