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Ethnic differences in women's employment: the changing role of qualifications

Lindley, J; Dale, A; Dex, S; (2006) Ethnic differences in women's employment: the changing role of qualifications. Oxford Economic Papers , 58 (2) pp. 351-378. Green open access

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Abstract

We pool eight Spring QLFS quarters for 1992-1995 and 2000-2003 to examine female employment changes by ethnic group. We find that employment has significantly increased for all women except Black Caribbean/Other women. We show that qualifications have played an increasingly important role and there has been increased polarisation between the employment of women with a degree compared to those without. This is especially large for Pakistani/Bangladeshi women. Our decomposition analysis shows that employment changes between the early 1990s and the 2000s are mainly a consequence of changes in characteristics. However, decomposing white/non-white mean employment differences demonstrates a fall in the unexplained discriminatory component for most ethnic groups. Hence differences in white and non-white characteristics explain more of the 2000-3 employment differential than in 1993-5. Furthermore, significant unexplained ethnic penalties of up to 50 percent still exist for South Asian women.

Type: Article
Title: Ethnic differences in women's employment: the changing role of qualifications
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Keywords: Qualifications; discrimination; employment; non-whites
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1507027
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