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Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition as an Adjunct to Pulmonary Rehabilitation in COPD

Curtis, KJ; Meyrick, VM; Mehta, B; Haji, GS; Li, K; Montgomery, H; Man, WD; ... Hopkinson, NS; + view all (2016) Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition as an Adjunct to Pulmonary Rehabilitation in COPD. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine , 194 (11) pp. 1349-1357. 10.1164/rccm.201601-0094OC. Green open access

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Abstract

RATIONALE: Epidemiological studies in older individuals have found an association between use of ACE-inhibition (ACE-I) therapy and preserved locomotor muscle mass, strength and walking speed. ACE-I therapy might therefore have a role in the context of pulmonary rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the hypothesis that enalapril, an ACE-inhibitor, would augment the improvement in exercise capacity seen during pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: We performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group randomised controlled trial. COPD patients, with at least moderate airflow obstruction and taking part in pulmonary rehabilitation, were randomised to either 10 weeks therapy with an ACE-inhibitor (10mg enalapril) or placebo. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome measurement was the change in peak power (assessed using cycle ergometry) from baseline. MAIN RESULTS: Eighty patients were enrolled, seventy-eight randomised (age 67±8years, FEV1 48±21% predicted), and sixty-five completed the trial (34 placebo, 31 ACE-inhibitor). The ACE-inhibitor treated group demonstrated a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure (Δ-16mmHg, 95% CI -22 to -11) and serum ACE activity (Δ-18IU/L, 95% CI -23 to -12) versus placebo (between group differences p<0.0001). Peak power increased significantly more in the placebo group (placebo Δ+9 Watts, 95% CI 5 to 13 vs. ACE-I Δ+1 Watt, 95% CI -2 to 4, between group difference 8 Watts, 95% CI 3 to 13, p=0.001). There was no significant between group difference in quadriceps strength or health-related quality of life. CONCLUSION: Use of the ACE-inhibitor enalapril alongside a programme of pulmonary rehabilitation, in patients without an established indication for ACE-inhibition, reduced the peak work rate response to exercise training in COPD patients. Clinical trial registration available at www.controlled-trials.com, ID ISRCTN79038750.

Type: Article
Title: Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition as an Adjunct to Pulmonary Rehabilitation in COPD
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201601-0094OC
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201601-0094OC
Language: English
Additional information: Originally Published in: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine [Curtis, KJ; Meyrick, VM; Mehta, B; Haji, GS; Li, K; Montgomery, H; Man, WD; (2016) Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition as an Adjunct to Pulmonary Rehabilitation in COPD. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201601-0094OC. (In press)]. Copyright © 2016 by the American Thoracic Society. The final publication is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201601-0094OC
Keywords: COPD, Randomised controlled trial, exercise, rehabilitation, renin-angiotensin system
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1496371
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