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FMCW Radar signal processing for Antarctic Ice Shelf profiling and imaging

Rahman, S; (2016) FMCW Radar signal processing for Antarctic Ice Shelf profiling and imaging. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis contains details of all the signal processing work being done on FMCW Radar (operating at VHF-UHF band) for the Antarctic Ice Shelf monitoring project that has been carried out at UCL. The system developed at UCL was based on a novel concept of phase-sensitive FMCW radar with low power consumption, thus allowing data collection for long period of time with millimetre range precision. Development of new signal processing method was required in order to process the large amount of data, along with the signal processing technique for obtaining the high precision range values. This was achieved during the first stage of the thesis, providing accurate ice shelf basal layer melt rate values. Properties of the FMCW radar system and experimental scenarios posed further signal processing challenges. Those challenges were met by developing number of novel algorithms. A novel shape matching algorithm was developed to detect internal layers underneath the ice shelf. Range migration correction method was developed to compensate for the defocusing of the image in large angles due to high fractional bandwidth of the radar system. Vertical error correction method was developed to compensate for any vertical displacement of the radar antenna during field experiment. Finally, a novel 3-D MIMO imaging algorithm for the Antarctic ice shelf base study was developed. This was done to process the 8x8 MIMO radar (developed at UCL) data. The radars have been deployed in the Antarctica during the Austral summer of each year from 2011-2014. The field experiments were done in the Ronne, Larsen-C, Larsen North, George VI and Ross ice shelves. The novel signal processing techniques have been successfully applied on the real data, allowing better understanding of the Antarctic ice shelf features.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: FMCW Radar signal processing for Antarctic Ice Shelf profiling and imaging
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1493050
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