UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The UK Paediatric Familial Hypercholesterolaemia Register: preliminary data

Ramaswami, U; Cooper, J; Humphries, SE; FH Paediatric Register Steering Group, ; (2016) The UK Paediatric Familial Hypercholesterolaemia Register: preliminary data. Archives of Disease in Childhood , 102 (3) pp. 255-260. 10.1136/archdischild-2015-308570. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
archdischild-2015-308570.pdf - Published version

Download (502kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence 2008 guidelines on the treatment and management of familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) recommend that children with FH should be considered for statin treatment by the age of 10 years. The Paediatric FH Register was established in 2012 to collect baseline and long-term follow-up data on all children with FH in the UK. METHODS: Paediatricians and adult lipidologists have been invited to enter baseline data on any child with a clinical diagnosis of FH using an electronic capture record. RESULTS: Baseline data is on 232 children (50% boys, 80% Caucasian), with an untreated mean (SD) total cholesterol of 7.61 (1.48) mmol/L and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of 5.67 (1.46) mmol/L. Overall 111/232 (47.8%) of the children were on statins. Children over the age of 10 years at the most recent follow-up were twice as likely to be on statin treatment than those under 10 years (57.6% (102/177) vs 23.1% (9/39), p=0.00009). In both age groups, those subsequently on statin treatment had significantly higher diagnostic total and LDL-C (overall 6.01 (1.46) mmol/L vs 5.31 (1.37) mmol/L, p=0.00007), and had stronger evidence of a family history of early coronary heart disease (CHD) in parent or first-degree relative (overall 28.4% vs 19.0%, p=0.09). In statin-treated children LDL-C level was reduced by 35% (2.07 (1.38) mmol/L) compared with a reduction of 5.5% (0.29 (0.87) mmol/L), p=0.0001 in those not treated. None of those on statin had measured plasma levels of creatine kinase, alanine aminotransferase and AST indicative of statin toxicity (ie, >2.5 times the upper limit of the normal range). CONCLUSIONS: The data indicates that treatment decisions in children with FH are appropriately based on a stronger family history of CHD and higher LDL-C.

Type: Article
Title: The UK Paediatric Familial Hypercholesterolaemia Register: preliminary data
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-308570
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2015-308570
Language: English
Additional information: This article has been accepted for publication in Ramaswami, U; Cooper, J; Humphries, SE; FH Paediatric Register Steering Group, ; (2016) The UK Paediatric Familial Hypercholesterolaemia Register: preliminary data. Archives of Disease in Childhood, following peer review and can also be viewed on the journal’s website at www.http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2016/02/10/archdischild-2015-308570.com This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Genetics, Health services research, Paediatric Practice
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1477551
Downloads since deposit
262Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item