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The Pediatric Vestibular Symptom Questionnaire: A Validation Study

Pavlou, M; Whitney, S; Alkathiry, AA; Huett, M; Luxon, LM; Raglan, E; Godfrey, EL; (2016) The Pediatric Vestibular Symptom Questionnaire: A Validation Study. The Journal of Pediatrics , 168 171-177.e1. 10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.09.075. Green open access

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OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the Pediatric Vestibular Symptom Questionnaire (PVSQ) and quantify subjective vestibular symptom (ie, dizziness, unsteadiness) severity in children. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred sixty-eight healthy children (female, n = 91) and 56 children with postconcussion dizziness or a vestibular disorder (female, n = 32), between ages 6 and 17 years, were included. The PVSQ contains questions regarding vestibular symptom frequency during the previous month. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a brief behavioral screening instrument, was also completed. RESULTS: The PVSQ showed high internal consistency (10 items; Cronbach α = 0.88). A significant between-group difference was noted with higher (ie, worse) PVSQ scores for children with vestibular symptoms (P < .001); no significant differences were noted between patient groups. The optimal cut-off score for discriminating between individuals with and without abnormal levels of vestibular symptoms was 0.68 out of 3 (sensitivity 95%, specificity 85%). Emotional and hyperactivity SDQ subscale scores were significantly worse for patients compared with healthy participants (P ≤ .01). A significant relationship was noted between mean PVSQ and SDQ (parent-rated version) hyperactivity and total scores for patients (P ≤ .01) and the SDQ (self-rated) emotional, hyperactivity, and total score (P ≤ .01) in healthy controls. However, mean SDQ subscale and total scores were within normal ranges for both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported vestibular symptoms, measured by the PVSQ, discriminated between children presenting with vestibular symptoms and healthy controls and should be used to identify and quantify vestibular symptoms that require additional assessment and management.

Type: Article
Title: The Pediatric Vestibular Symptom Questionnaire: A Validation Study
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.09.075
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.09.075
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016. This manuscript version is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This licence allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licences are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0.
Keywords: GOSH, Great Ormond Street Hospital; PAF, Principal axis factoring; PVSQ, Pediatric Vestibular Symptom Questionnaire; ROC, Receiver operating characteristic; SDQ, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > The Ear Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1476658
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