UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Guiding principles for evaluating the impacts of conservation interventions on human well-being

Woodhouse, E; Homewood, KM; Beauchamp, E; Clements, T; McCabe, JT; Wilkie, D; Milner-Gulland, EJ; (2015) Guiding principles for evaluating the impacts of conservation interventions on human well-being. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B , 370 (1681) , Article 20150103. 10.1098/rstb.2015.0103. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
20150103.full.pdf - Published version

Download (374kB) | Preview

Abstract

Measures of socio-economic impacts of conservation interventions have largely been restricted to externally defined indicators focused on income, which do not reflect people's priorities. Using a holistic, locally grounded conceptualization of human well-being instead provides a way to understand the multi-faceted impacts of conservation on aspects of people's lives that they value. Conservationists are engaging with well-being for both pragmatic and ethical reasons, yet current guidance on how to operationalize the concept is limited. We present nine guiding principles based around a well-being framework incorporating material, relational and subjective components, and focused on gaining knowledge needed for decision-making. The principles relate to four key components of an impact evaluation: (i) defining well-being indicators, giving primacy to the perceptions of those most impacted by interventions through qualitative research, and considering subjective well-being, which can affect engagement with conservation; (ii) attributing impacts to interventions through quasi-experimental designs, or alternative methods such as theory-based, case study and participatory approaches, depending on the setting and evidence required; (iii) understanding the processes of change including evidence of causal linkages, and consideration of trajectories of change and institutional processes; and (iv) data collection with methods selected and applied with sensitivity to research context, consideration of heterogeneity of impacts along relevant societal divisions, and conducted by evaluators with local expertise and independence from the intervention.

Type: Article
Title: Guiding principles for evaluating the impacts of conservation interventions on human well-being
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0103
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0103
Additional information: © 2015 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: development, impact evaluation, livelihoods, poverty, social impact, well-being
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1475862
Downloads since deposit
97Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item