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Microchannel neural interface manufacture by stacking silicone and metal foil laminae

Lancashire, H; Vanhoestenberghe, A; Al Ajam, Y; Pendegrass, C; Magee, E; Donaldson, N; Blunn, G; (2016) Microchannel neural interface manufacture by stacking silicone and metal foil laminae. Journal of Neural Engineering , 13 (3) , Article 034001. 10.1088/1741-2560/13/3/034001. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: Microchannel neural interfaces (MNIs) overcome problems with recording from peripheral nerves by amplifying signals independent of Node of Ranvier position. Selective recording and stimulation using an MNI requires good insulation between microchannels and a high electrode density. We propose that stacking microchannel laminae will improve selectivity over single layer MNI designs due to the increase in electrode number and an improvement in microchannel sealing. Approach: This paper describes a manufacturing method for creating MNIs which overcomes limitations on electrode connectivity and microchannel sealing. Laser cut silicone – metal foil laminae were stacked using plasma bonding to create an array of microchannels containing tripolar electrodes. Electrodes were DC etched and electrode impedance and cyclic voltammetry were tested. Main results: MNIs with 100 µm and 200 µm diameter microchannels were manufactured. High electrode density MNIs are achievable with electrodes present in every microchannel. Electrode impedances of 27.2 ± 19.8 kΩ at 1kHz were achieved. Following 2 months of implantation in Lewis rat sciatic nerve, micro-fascicles were observed regenerating through the MNI microchannels. Significance: Selective microchannel neural interfaces with the peripheral nervous system may allow upper limb amputees to control prostheses intuitively.

Type: Article
Title: Microchannel neural interface manufacture by stacking silicone and metal foil laminae
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/1741-2560/13/3/034001
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1741-2560/13/3/034001
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0). Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
Keywords: Micromachining, Neural Interfaces, Microchannels, Laser Cutting
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1475525
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