UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Exposure to violence predicts poor educational outcomes in young children in South Africa and Malawi.

Sherr, L; Hensels, IS; Skeen, S; Tomlinson, M; Roberts, KJ; Macedo, A; (2015) Exposure to violence predicts poor educational outcomes in young children in South Africa and Malawi. International Health 10.1093/inthealth/ihv070. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Int. Health-2015-Sherr-inthealth-ihv070.pdf

Download (283kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Violence during childhood may affect short and long-term educational factors. There is scant literature on younger children from resource poor settings. METHODS: This study assessed child violence experiences (harsh punishment and exposure to domestic or community violence) and school enrolment, progress and attendance in children attending community-based organisations in South Africa and Malawi (n=989) at baseline and at 15 months' follow-up, examining differential experience of HIV positive, HIV affected and HIV unaffected children. RESULTS: Violence exposure was high: 45.4% experienced some form of psychological violence, 47.8% physical violence, 46.7% domestic violence and 41.8% community violence. Primary school enrolment was 96%. Violence was not associated with school enrolment at baseline but, controlling for baseline, children exposed to psychological violence for discipline were more than ten times less likely to be enrolled at follow-up (OR 0.09; 95% CI 0.01 to 0.57). Harsh discipline was associated with poor school progress. For children HIV positive a detrimental effect of harsh physical discipline was found on school performance (OR 0.10; 95% CI 0.02 to 0.61). CONCLUSION: Violence experiences were associated with a number of educational outcomes, which may have long-term consequences. Community-based organisations may be well placed to address such violence, with a particular emphasis on the challenges faced by children who are HIV positive.

Type: Article
Title: Exposure to violence predicts poor educational outcomes in young children in South Africa and Malawi.
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/inthealth/ihv070
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihv070
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com
Keywords: Children and young people, Educational outcomes, Malawi, Maltreatment, South Africa, Violence
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1473625
Downloads since deposit
101Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item