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High contrast microstructural visualisation of natural acellular matrices by means of phase-based x-ray tomography

Hagen, CK; Maghsoudlou, P; Totonelli, G; Diemoz, PC; Endrizzi, M; Rigon, L; Menk, RH; ... Olivo, A; + view all (2015) High contrast microstructural visualisation of natural acellular matrices by means of phase-based x-ray tomography. Scientific Reports , 5 , Article 18156. 10.1038/srep18156. Green open access

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Abstract

Acellular scaffolds obtained via decellularization are a key instrument in regenerative medicine both per se and to drive the development of future-generation synthetic scaffolds that could become available off-the-shelf. In this framework, imaging is key to the understanding of the scaffolds’ internal structure as well as their interaction with ells and other organs, including ideally post-implantation. Scaffolds of a wide range of intricate organs (oesophagus, lung, liver and small intestine) were imaged with x-ray phase contrast computed tomography (PC-CT). Image quality was sufficiently high to visualize scaffold micro architecture and to detect major anatomical features, such as the oesophageal mucosal-submucosal separation, pulmonary alveoli and intestinal villi. These results are a long-sought step for the field of regenerative medicine: until now, histology and scanning electron microscopy have been the gold standard to study the scaffold structure. However, they are both destructive: hence, they are not suitable for imaging scaffolds prior to transplantation, and have no prospect for post-transplantation use. PC-CT, on the other hand, is non-destructive, 3D and fully quantitative. Importantly, not only do we demonstrate achievement of high image quality at two different synchrotron facilities, but also with commercially available x-ray equipment, which makes the method instantly available worldwide to any research laboratory.

Type: Article
Title: High contrast microstructural visualisation of natural acellular matrices by means of phase-based x-ray tomography
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/srep18156
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep18156
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Biology and Cancer Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1472565
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