UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The Association between Contact and Intellectual Disability Literacy, Causal Attributions and Stigma

Blundell, R; Scior, K; (2016) The Association between Contact and Intellectual Disability Literacy, Causal Attributions and Stigma. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research , 60 (3) pp. 218-227. 10.1111/jir.12241. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Blundell JIDR in press.pdf

Download (405kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Contact is seen as a key route to tackling stigma and discrimination. Contact theory states that the quality and type of contact, as well as circumstance of the contact experience, influence the effect of contact on prejudice. The majority of research in intellectual disabilities though has focused on contact as present or absent only. Method: 1264 adult members of the UK general population completed measures of symptom recognition, social distance (as measure of external stigma) and causal beliefs in response to a diagnostically unlabelled vignette, depicting someone with intellectual disabilities. Results: A nuanced contact variable, including frequency of contact and closeness and nature of the contact relationship, explained more of the variance in social distance, compared to the binary variable (contact as present or absent). Only the closeness of the relationship was individually predictive though and the models explained only relatively small amounts of the variance. Structural equation modelling of contact, recognition, social distance and causal beliefs demonstrated that the model including the nuanced variable was an adequate fit for the data. Conclusions: Future research aimed at increasing our understanding of intellectual disability stigma should avoid assessing contact as a binary variable only, but consider other factors, particularly the closeness of contact relationships. Anti-stigma interventions may benefit from focussing on causal attributions as a method of reducing stigma.

Type: Article
Title: The Association between Contact and Intellectual Disability Literacy, Causal Attributions and Stigma
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/jir.12241
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12241
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Blundell, R; Scior, K; (2015) The Association between Contact and Intellectual Disability Literacy, Causal Attributions and Stigma. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jir.12241. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Intellectual Disabilities, Contact, Knowledge, Causal Attributions, Stigma, Structural Equation Modelling.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > CHIME
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1471591
Downloads since deposit
86Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item